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Ibn Abdillah As-sudaisiy Al-Iloori

I entered a Masjid, and I saw drums (popularly known as 'bandiri') hanged on its walls. I had to ask myself the basis of this thing in Islaam. When did Muslims become drummers? How does drumming become an act of worship in Islaam? 

When these questions are asked, the custodians of this bid'ah would say: the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was welcomed in Madeenah with drums and songs and he didn't talk. In the first place, this is not true. Scholars of Sunnah say it is one of the most famous lies told against the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his Companions رضي الله عنهم. Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar Al -'Asqalaanee رحمه الله reported the hadith on welcoming the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم with drums and songs. Imaam Al-Albaani رحمه الله said the hadith is faulty. The song-tala'al badru 'alaina- was related by Abu Sa’eed in Sharaf al-Mustapha and al-Khal’ee in al-Fawaaid with a chain of reporters on the authority of ‘Ubaydullah bin ‘Aa’isha who narrated the story. [Fath al-Baaree 7/326].

However, "‘Ubaydullah bin ‘Aa’isha, on whose authority the story was reported is a 10th category reporter; i.e., those who did not even meet the Tabi’een. He died 228 years after the Hijrah and was as such, at least 120 yrs away from the event of the Hijrah making absolutely clear, the wide broken link between the narrator and the narration" [Read more here: simplysalafiyyah.com/was-the-prophet-received-with-singing-and-drumming-on-arriving-in-madeenah.html]

Even if we assume the story to be true, how does it justify the use of drums as an act of worship? And how many reports have we seen where the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم or his companions رضي الله عنهم worshipped with songs and drums? 

Jabir Ibn 'Abdullah رضي الله عنه reported that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to praise Allaah in his sermon as He deserves to be praised and then he would say, 

“Whoever Allaah guides, no one can lead him astray. Whoever Allaah sends astray, no one can guide him. The truest word is the Book of Allaah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. The most evil matters are those that are newly invented, for every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the Hellfire”. [Sunan An-nasai, 1578, authenticated by Al-albaani]

Music of whatever kind is generally haram in Islaam, every Muslim must move away from it. However, scholars have ruled that women can beat the duff, sing and dance during a nikah waleemah at a restrictive area and without intermingling with the opposite sex. Young children are also permitted to beat the duff during eid as a means of celebration. These rulings are based on some authentic narrations from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.

May Allah guide us aright.

First written on 8th October, 2015

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